Planet Wolf 1061c is of particular interest to foreign hunters because of its privileged position relative to its parent star. The exoplanet, which is believed to be at least 4 times more massive than the Earth, revolves around its star in the so-called inhabited zone, a region where it can be maintained in liquid form. And since the prescription of life, which we know, is connected with liquid water, the position of the planets can mean that it can nourish life.
The wolf 1061c revolves around the red dwarf wolf 1061 along with two other supposedly stony planets, all of them larger than the planet we call home. Red dwarfs are small and relatively cool stars. The largest of them are only half of our Sun, and their surface temperature is less than 4000 degrees Kelvin. Because of this, red dwarfs can support the fusion reaction in their nuclei much longer than stars like our sun. Since their fuel consumption is lower, red dwarfs can burn up to 2.5 trillion years. This extreme longevity could give life many chances to emerge, adapt and develop.
The Wolf system of the 1061 is of interest to the astronomical community because of the relatively short distance that separates it from us. In the cosmic plan, 14 light-years is a stone, and this can offer our scientists a unique opportunity to learn, and who knows, maybe one day even colonize an inhabited exoplanet.
Credits for this discovery go to Duncan Wright and his team of astrophysicists at the University of New South Wales. Using the data obtained with the HARPS (High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher) device installed at the telescope of the European Southern Observatory in La Cille, they were able to determine the orbits and masses of the planets rotating around the Wolf 1061.
Scientists from the University of San Francisco believe that the Wolf 1061c is one of the best candidates for our attention, along with the now famous Proxima b, another exoplanet that sits in the zone of Goldilocks, where the water is liquid. But, unlike Proxima b, Wolf 1061c is not a water world, and the presence of sushi is a good indicator of geological processes that could contribute to the emergence and development of life.
The Wolf 1061 system is important because it is so close and gives other opportunities for further research to see if it really has a life, said astronomer Stephen Kane in the media.
Unfortunately, for those who are easily concerned about news about potential foreigners, there is no guarantee that the Wolf 1061c could be a good home for people or other forms of life. Although it is located in a habitable zone, the planet can rotate its star closer to the extremities of this zone. Too close to your star, and water boils and eventually dissipates into outer space when the planet loses its atmosphere. Too far, and the water on its surface has frozen, retaining its liquid form only in the oceans covered with a thick layer of ice.
Currently, the Wolf 1061c takes the third place in the list of potentially suitable for life planets. Because of its proximity, Mars currently occupies the top position, followed by Proxima b. It is expected that with increased interest from the astronomical community, new data on this exoplanet will appear.
After the appearance of new details, we will be able to delve into our creative exercises with the participation of someone else’s life, how it can look and where it can be found.