In Luxor, the tomb of Osiris is found: the legend of the god of the dead ancient Egypt

Last weekend, the news came that the 3 200-year-old reproduction of the mythical tomb of Osiris was found in Sheikh Abd al-Gurne, a necropolis in the West Bank of Thebes. The tomb, known as Kampp-327-, is hidden in secrecy, since it is not known for whom it is intended (there are no inscriptions in the tomb at all) and has never been documented by researchers during the 20th century, according to the Luxor Times,

Chapel of Osiris in the tomb, on which stands the statue of Osiris, the vaulted ceiling and the shaft, going to the next level of the grave / Matyaz Kachichnik, Min Project

The tomb consists of a transverse hall supported by five columns, as well as a staircase that descends in the rock to the complex dedicated to Osiris. He was discovered by the Mine Project, an Italian-Spanish initiative in cooperation with the Egyptian government, whose purpose is to study the tombs of the New Kingdom in Thebes, namely the closed tomb TT109 (also known as the Ming Tomb) and Kampp-327-, which is an extension of the original tomb .

The myth of Osiris, the first pharaoh of Egypt

In ancient Egyptian mythology, Osiris was the first pharaoh. Osiris was killed by his brother Seth, the god of turmoil and chaos.

Seth locked Osiris in a drawer, poured molten lead into it, and then threw it into the Nile. Isis, wife of Osiris and the goddess of magic, eventually found the box and rebuilt the body of Osiris, but then Seth, again incarnated as a crocodile, tore Osiris’s body into 14 parts and scattered them all over Egypt.

The central chamber is deep in the rock on which there is a statue of Osiris, a mine and two rooms filled with debris. The room, facing west, was where the tomb of the owner of the grave had to sit / Matyaz Kachichnik, Min Project

Isis tracked all the pieces and buried every part where she found it, and erected a shrine there, so Osiris has numerous tombs in Egypt.

It is known that there are at least two more images of the myth about Osiris, located at a depth of 95 feet below the back of the Great Sphinx in Giza, and in the other – Osirion, located in the Temple of Seti I in Abydos.

Another interesting fact about the tomb is that it is a re-creation of an important test that every ancient Egyptian had to face at the end of his life with a weighing of the heart, as described in chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead.

Maat Weighing the Heart

A papyrus scroll with the inscription “The Last Judgment of Hunefer”, a scribe in Thebes of the 19th dynasty. This scroll can be seen in the British Museum in London / Wikimedia Commons

The ancient Egyptians believed that when they die, the value of their deeds throughout life will be appreciated before Osiris, the god of the dead and the afterlife, and the tribunal of 43 deities.

During the ritual, the heart of the deceased was weighed on a pair of scales against the feather representing Ma’at, the principle of truth and justice, which all the people of Ancient Egypt sought, from the pharaoh to the most modest beggar,

If the heart was balanced against the feathers, it meant that the deceased led a righteous life and he would be given a place in the Hatap and Yaru Fields (Egyptian version of Heaven, where everyone could live on the beautiful, prosperous Land of Abundance for eternity).

However, if the heart was heavy with a mass of injustice, the balance would drown, and the heart of the deceased would be absorbed by Ammit, a shoemaker, a monstrous beast that was a cross between a crocodile, a lion and a hippopotamus.

A sketch depicting the contour of the tomb of Osiris / Minproject: Archaeological mission of Canaria-Tuscany

A source

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *