The Phaistos disk is a disk of burnt clay from the Minoan palace of Feistoson, on the island of Crete. It was discovered in 1908 and possibly refers to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age. This unique archaeological find remains a mystery; Its purpose and its meaning and even its original geographical production site remain controversial, which makes it one of the most famous secrets of archeology.
Disk Phaistos (side A). Photoreport
The disc is now generally accepted as Cretan in origin and therefore probably represents the Minoan language used during this period, which leads scientists to date the disk from 1850 to 1550 BC.
The disk is about 15 cm in diameter and is covered on both sides with a spiral of stamped symbols. The sign represents a helmet with a crest, which was later used by the Philistines. Another sign represents a structure similar to the sarcophagus used by the Lycians of Asia Minor.
The inscription, apparently, was made by pressing pre-prepared hieroglyphic fillings into soft clay, clockwise, rotating towards the center of the disc. Photoreport
According to ancient scenarios, since there are practically no differences between different copies of the same symbol, it is very likely that the stamps were used to create these very detailed signs. While not really a print job, some of them designated Phaistos Disk as the earliest typewritten work.
The disk has 242 tokens consisting of 45 different characters. Many of these 45 characters are easily identifiable everyday things. 45 characters were numbered by Arthur Evans from 01 to 45, and this numbering became the generally accepted reference used by most researchers.
It is universally recognized that this disk can be read in a spiral, from the edge inwards.
There are many theories about the significance of the Phaistos Disc, some believe that it was a token used in healing rituals or other ceremonies in ancient times, others believe that it is a legal document or the history of the journey of humanity.
Some researchers believe that the disc is a forgery or deception, although archaeologists are generally recognized.