Many mysteries are hidden in Teotihuacan, north-east of Mexico City, Mexico.
Aztecs and Toltecs, reached a place called Teotihuacan, which was already laid in the myth. In Nahuatl, the Aztec language, which is still used in many parts of Mexico, Teotihuacan means the place where people become gods.
The kings ruled in Teotihuacan and were buried there, because they were buried in Teotihuacan to join the gods in the afterlife.
Teotihuacan, Mexico: The tunnel was discovered under the pyramid at the Teotigucan archaeological site. Scanner view of the tunnel under the pyramid on the archaeological site of Teotihuacan, Mexico. INAH / Distributing / EPA
One of the most visited ancient monuments of Mexicos, Teotihuacan is home to massive pyramids, temples and elite residences, including many, decorated with colorful murals. Teotihuacan for a long time was the greatest of Mesoamerican secrets, the city reached its peak between 100 BC. And 650 B.C. With a population of up to 200,000 people, enriched by the wide commerce of obsidian, which in pre-Columbian times was used to make knives and other weapons.
Sculpture found on the archaeological site of Teotihuacan in Mexico. Mexican archaeologists have concluded a long-term study of the tunnel, sealed nearly 2000 years ago in the ancient city of Teotihuacan, and found thousands of relics. Teotihuacan dominated central Mexico for centuries before the rise of the Aztecs in the 14th century. (AP Photo / Proyecto Tlalocan, INAH)
When designing Teotihuacan (pronounced tay-oh-tee-wah-KAHN), the city’s architects located the main monuments on the north-south axis, with the so-called Avenue of the Dead, connecting the largest structure, the Temple of the Sun, Ciudadela, the southeast courtyard that housed Temple of Plumed Serpent.
According to Clemency Coggins, a professor of emeritus of archeology and art history at Boston University, the ancient city was designed as a physical manifestation of the myth of its creators. Not only Teotihuacan laid out in a dimensional rectangular grid, but the sample was focused on the movement of the sun, which was born there, said Coggins.
Sculptures and shells, found by researchers on the archaeological site of Teotihuacan in Mexico. Mexican archaeologists have concluded a long-term study of the tunnel, sealed nearly 2000 years ago in the ancient city of Teotihuacan, and found thousands of relics. Teotihuacan dominated central Mexico for centuries before the rise of the Aztecs in the 14th century. (AP Photo / Proyecto Tlalocan, INAH)
Archaeologists have conducted long-term archaeological research in the City of Gods, and the accidental discovery under the almost 2000-year-old pyramid can soon lead to the heart of a lost civilization.
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According to Sergio Gomez, the leading Mexican archaeologist working with the project, this structure is filled with thousands of ritual objects and can lead to royal tombs.
The entrance to the tunnel at the age of 1800 was first discovered in 2003, and its contents were discovered thanks to the excavation of remote control robots, and then human researchers.
Shells are excavated on the archaeological site of Teotihuacan in Mexico.
The site is located about 30 miles (50 km) northeast of Mexico City. Ruins have long been shrouded in mystery, because its inhabitants have not left written records.
Artifacts found inside the tunnel below the Temple of the Pluton Serpent include finely carved stone sculptures, jewels and shells. The tunnel ran about 330 feet from Ciudadela to the center of the Temple of the Pluto Serpent. The hole that appeared during the storms in 2003 was not the actual entrance; Which lay a few yards back, and it seems to have been intentionally sealed by large boulders almost 2,000 years ago.
Sculptures found by researchers on the archaeological site of Teotihuacan in Mexico. Mexican archaeologists have concluded a long-term study of the tunnel, sealed nearly 2000 years ago in the ancient city of Teotihuacan, and found thousands of relics. AP Photo / Proyecto Tlalocan, INAH
About 50,000 items, of which 4000 are made of wood, as well as a lot of obsidian blades and arrowheads, give an idea of how the city priests and rulers conceived the underworld.
Researchers hope to find a royal tomb at the end of the tunnel, and, according to Gomez, due to the large number of proposals found, he can not be anywhere else.
We were able to confirm all the assumptions made from the very beginning, he added, saying that the ongoing excavations could give larger discoveries.
Teotihuacan settled as far back as 400 BC, but it was only about the 100th century, the era of powerful population growth and the intensification of urbanization in Mesoamerica
By the time the Aztecs came to power in the Valley of Mexico in the XIV century, the city has long been left behind, but it continues to play an important role as a place for religious pilgrimages.
The first version of this article was originally published on October 30, 2014.