We either need to stop underestimating the ancient cultures, or it’s time to exclude primitive tools and jump on someone else’s winner. These five ancient structures were not built by dressed in a loincloth by savages …
Massive, ancient underground city Derinkuyu
The underground city Derinkuyu was discovered in the 1960s in Turkey, when the modern house was being renovated above the ground. To the great relief of all those present, the 18-story underground city was abandoned, and not swarmed with moles.
Devinkuyu, hidden by the centuries under the nose of each person, is simply the largest of hundreds of underground complexes built by unknown people, around the eighth century BC. To understand what is phenomenal in this engineering, imagine someone handing a hammer and chisel to you and advising you to dig out a system of underground chambers capable of withstanding 20,000 people. And none of these trendy modern bits, either – we are talking about something dug with any excavation tools that they were 2800 years ago.
The city was probably used as a giant bunker to protect its inhabitants from war or natural disaster, but its architects were determined to make it the most convenient end-of-the-world revolt. He had access to fresh running water – the wells were not connected to the surface to prevent poisoning by treacherous lands. It also has separate quarters, shops, communal rooms, tombs, arsenals, livestock and evacuation routes. There’s even a school that has an office.
Hypogem Hal-Saflieni: unexplained acoustics
On the island of Malta is a prehistoric underground megalithic structure, known as the Hypogeum of Hal-Safleni. It was discovered accidentally in 1902, when some workers dig a hole and broke through the ceiling. Oh, and they also found about 7,000 skeletons, all grouped near the entrance.
The three-level underground construction is completely built of megalithic stones and was built, who knows when. What surprised people even more when they found out that male voices can be reflected in the whole complex if a person is standing in a certain place. But the kicker effect works only if it is in the range from 95 to 120 Hz, so the voices of women usually do not have the same effect.
Everything becomes stranger: if you are a person repeating about 110 Hz, the whole temple complex turns into this strange room, capable of causing trance, which seems to be capable of stimulating the creative center of the human brain.
Simply put, just standing inside this temple complex, while someone was repeating in the right place, you really improved your religious experience. And that’s all we really know about this place. We have no idea who built it or how they took it off. All we know for sure is that they knew about acoustics, which still causes confusion among scientists.
The ancient dam Mariba: worked for thousands of years
Yemen is a country rich in dust and poor in water, so in ancient times the empire that controlled it, Sabai, built a large dam in 750 BC.
The dam, which was deceived because it was one of the “official” seven wonders of the world, was nevertheless considered one of the greatest achievements of the pre-industrial era. After all, building a dam is not like putting a bunch of stone monoliths in a big circle. You must have channels, gates, sluices and spillways, and all this must be waterproof.
Sabans did all this before the existence of concrete, and their dam – more than 1000 years. For comparison, modern dams built using our advanced technologies last about 50 years, or 100 if they really are something.
The great Marib dam was about 2000 feet (almost twice as long as the Hoover Dam), and although it stood, it turned the ancient Yemen into a fertile oasis, then called the kingdom of Sheba (“Queen of Sheba.” Because everything must fall eventually, the dam , Finally burst about 600, knocking down most of the agricultural system and turning the area into a sandy amusement park, which it is today.
Pumapuncu: complex blocking stones
Pumapunku is a city built by the inhabitants of Tiwanaku of ancient Bolivia. What distinguishes it from the whole old ancient city is the almost strange accuracy of the masonry that will make modern builders jealous.
Using untreated technology, they became a kind of construction in which hundreds of large identical building blocks were used to make buildings like you and I would make a house from LEGO. To make the cuts straight and precise today, we’ll get to some kind of laser cutter. They used chisels and rulers.
In order for the buildings to be structurally sound, they even used a form of metallic i-cramps, similar to what we will use today to keep the giant blocks in place in the event of an earthquake.
These are not just small slag blocks. The largest of the stones is 25 feet long and 17 feet wide and is estimated to weigh about 130 tons (for comparison, it’s only about 20 or so standard semi-trailers). Nevertheless, one way or another, without technology, such as wheels, cranes or even a writing system, Tiwanaku people moved these giant rocks to the Pumapunku site and formed them into perfect complex shapes.
As in all the good secret civilizations, Tiwanaku eventually disappeared, but their work was so impressive that the next empire to come, the Inca, considered them gods and that Pumapunku was the center of the world.
Gobekli Tepe: built before people grew up
Photo: Berthold Steinhilber / Smithsonian magazine
Back in the 1960s, geodesists in Turkey discovered an ancient burial complex consisting of huge stone pillars located in a circle, such as Stonehenge, some of which are 30 feet high. However, what really drove the monocles out of their eyes was that it was much older than Stonehenge … 6,000 years older!
Thus, these massive, ornate limestone columns were carefully carved from a nearby quarry, using pieces of flint rock and their bare hands. Being timed to 9000 BC, Gobekli Tepe is considered to be the oldest human structure. This is further than on any of the ancient sites that you learned in history. In fact, this is in the age of the Stone Age, where the only thing we knew how to build, most likely, would fall in the hard wind.
In fact, the site even precedes agriculture, which means that the people who built it still chased mammoths, and did not sow crops. Learning that this complex of massive stone pillars was actually built by Encino Man, according to National Geographic, “it looked like someone had built a 747 in the basement with the X-Acto knife.”
And it does not make much sense, because the usual knowledge has always been that people did not start building things until we learned the farm.
Given that many bones appeared on the site, probably from the sacrifice of animals, archaeologists are sure that this is a religious object that seems to indicate that it was religion, not agriculture, that first inspired people to create giant structures,